Artificial intelligence use in health care faces greater scrutiny in 2024

If the past year was prelude, the U.S. government in 2024 is poised to re-write the rules surrounding the use of artificial intelligence in health care.

Just in the past few months, President Joe Biden ordered a sweeping crackdown on AI by federal health agencies; members of Congress promised to step up oversight and pass new legislation; and many AI experts, from within industry and outside of it, sounded alarms about the urgent need for standards.

The heightened scrutiny is driven by rapid advances of generative AI tools such as ChatGPT. But makers of all kinds of predictive models may, for the first time, be required to explain how their systems were developed and tested — and prove that they are safe, reliable, and fair.

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